This month, the Centre began the process of conducting the quinquennial Household Consumption Expenditure Survey (HCES), and the survey's questionnaire has been modified to include questions concerning goods obtained gratis via the government's social programmes. Fieldwork for the study, which will for the first time span three visits over the course of a year to evaluate expenditure trends in chosen homes, will shortly get underway. The Lok Sabha was told by Rao Inderjit Singh, the Minister of State with independent responsibility for Statistics and Program Implementation. The HCES, which is carried out every five years, is used to analyse important economic metrics including Gross Domestic Product and estimate poverty levels (GDP). The survey's findings are also used to update the consumption basket and the Consumer Price Index's base revision (CPI). The most recent survey was done in 2017–18, but its results were withheld due to data quality issues; as a result, the most recent official estimates of consumer expenditure that are publicly accessible are from 2011–12. According to Mr. Singh, the survey on household consumption expenditure was designed to gather disaggregated level data from families on their consumption of both food and non-food products. He said that the HCES procedure had begun in July 2022 and that enumerators were still receiving training. The Minister stated that the survey's data collection techniques had been modified and the length of the questionnaire had been "optimised" to cut down on canvassing time. "Appropriate provision in the questionnaire has been made to capture information on quantity of items received free of cost under various Government sponsored social welfare programmes," the Minister added. He noted that although the HCES July 2022–June 2023 used a questionnaire style to gather information on home consumption in three visits using a Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI), while the 2011–12 survey data was acquired in a single visit to chosen houses.